Frank Seviour.



Russell Cotes Nautical School - Parkstone Sea Training School

Broughton House Master: Frank Seviour RN (PSTS: 1956-1964)


1903 - 1979

Seaman Frank Seviour 

Born  4th Oct 1903 Bath, Somerset, son of a haulage contractor.

Died: 1979 (Oct/Nov/Dec qtr.) in Poole, Dorset



1916/18  - Royal Navy

Frank Seviour joined the Royal Navy, in 1916/18, Service Number; J100844  

He joined HMS GANGES as a Boy Seaman 2nd class



HMS GANGES Ships Crest


Training at HMS GANGES

Boy entrants at HMS GANGES, undertook vigorous training, with the aim of ensuring they acquired as much general, educational and seaman knowledge as could be assimilated in the first months in preparation for sea service. This involved  being taught how to; ‘hold a needle’ to mend kit, to ‘how to hold a cutlass’. Amongst the first of training is to; ‘mark kit’ and to ‘lay out your kit’ for inspection.


Next would come lessons in swimming, as King’s Regulations & Admiralty Instructions (KRAI’s) required every Rating to swim. Instructors had devised a number of ways of overcoming a young boys landlubberly dislike of water and wash basins, the swimming baths were the ideal training facility.


As much as the Royal Navy was powered by Steam rather than Sail, boys are still required to learn the making of bends & hitches, the names of the parts of a sail and the practice of knotting and splicing. 

Learning the points of the compass, the sending and receiving of Morse and Semaphore and the recognition of Flags, Pennants and Substitutes all fill the training day. 

Routines, Parts of Ship, Sea Terms, Ceremonial and Drills take place daily, calls such as;  ‘Clear Lower Deck’,,… ‘All Hands Muster’ …...’ Out Pipes’ …..’Cooks to the Galley’ ….. become well practiced before   …. the very welcome call of; ….. ‘ Make and Mend’ … whereby all hands are granted  ….‘time off’ …. to repair & replace kit.


Sailing, pulling and boatwork is a high priority. The slinging, lowering and hoisting of boats, along with checks and operations of the seaboat, are all part of the experience of seamanship for young trainees.



Training at HMS GANGES (continued)

Training of the boys at HMS GANGES needed to be comprehensive for when they where posted for Specialisation, training continued.


Signal Ratings.

There were special instructions for Signal Ratings, King’s Regulations and Admiralty Instruction’s (1919 - Chapter VIII Para 381 page 112) , required the following;


All signal ratings above Signal Boy are to go through a re-qualifying course in one of the signal schools every three years as provided in the Drafting Regulations. The fact of their having done so is to be noted on their signal history sheets.


Signal Boys and Ordinary Signalmen at sea are to be instructed in buzzer signaling for half-an-hour a day, and in elementary wireless telegraphy for one hour per week.


Signalmen are to continue their training in aural signaling at sea. The number of exercises to be carried out during the week will depend upon the percentage obtained in the previous week on the following scale:

    90 words in 5minutes 1 exercise per week

    80 words in 5minutes 2 exercise per week

    70 words in 5minutes 3 exercise per week

    under 70 words in 5minutes 5 exercise per week.


One hour a week is to be devoted to fleet wireless exercise.



HMS GANGES – The famous Mast



When Boy Seaman Frank Seviour  joined HMS GANGES he would have been paid: 

Boy 2nd Class:  6d per day ……. £9  2s 6d  per year


Further  rates of pay were:

Boy 1st Class:                         7d per day …  £10  12s  11d  per year

Ordinary Seaman (OS) :     1s 3d per day      £22  16s     3d  per year

Able Seaman (AB):             1s 8d per day … £30    8s    4d per year

AB (after 6yrs man service)   1s 11d per day     £34   19s  7d per year

Petty Officer:                      3s  0d per day  …£54   15s  0d  per year

Chief Petty Officer:             3s  8d per day  …£66   18s  4d  per year



On the 5th January 1921 Ordinary Seaman Frank Seviour was posted to the Naval Barracks at Devonport, HMS VIVID.


General Note;  The early RN Barracks, that O/Seaman Seviour was posted to.

The Royal Naval Barracks, Devonport … was it  HMS VIVID or HMS DRAKE ?


Today, when referring to the various RN Barracks, they are referred to as: 

HMS DRAKE at Devonport, or  HMS NELSON at Portsmouth, or 

HMS PEMBROKE at Chatham, but in those days of the late 1800’s and early 1900s, they were quite different. 


The RN Barracks, Devonport, it is claimed as the first RN Barracks in a Naval Port,  was commissioned in 1890.

In those early days there were no RN Shore Establishments. Much training took place at sea. Where there was ‘Shore Training’ it was invariably in ‘hulks’ moored in a Port River or the ‘hulks’ (HMS GANGES) off Shotley Pier,  

For ‘Officers’ stories of ‘young gentlemen’ joining a ‘Ship of the Line’ as a Midshipman at the tender age of 11 or 12 years of age abound. In earlier years to be a ‘Sailor’ you either; ‘Volunteered’ or were ‘Press Ganged’. either way, you trained at sea.

When ‘continuous service’ was introduced in 1859c sailors became ‘RN Ratings’ and when posted from ‘sea going ships’ they were; ‘accommodated & administered’ (pay, victuals, kit etc) in ‘hulks’ at the various Ports.

Then came the Shore Establishments (the first being Devonport), Ratings were then; ‘accommodated & administered’ in the RN Shore Establishment, the ‘Barracks’. 

The Paymasters, like all good bureaucrats, needed a ‘Ships Name’ against which an individuals costs could be accounted for. Devonport’s  RN Barracks needed a name,  so it adopted; HMS VIVID, which was the Commander-in-Chief's official Yacht,



HMS VIVID (previously Steam Yacht Capercailzie)


Portsmouth followed suit and the RN Barracks in 1903 adopting the name HMS VICTORY, as at that time there were genuine fears that Lord Nelsons flagship in a poor sate of repair would not survive. In 1900 there were 5 hulks that accommodated Ratings; HMS VICTORY (Signal School), HMS DUKE of WELLINGTON (Stokers, Seaman, Artisans), HMS MARLBOROUGH (Wardroom & Gun Room), HMS HANNIBAL (New Entries & Royal Marines), HMS ASIA, (Warrant Officers, ERA’s, chief Stokers & Shipwrights).

As is explained later there were at least ten (10) HMS VICTORY’s, eg VICTORY 1, VICTORY II, VICTORY III etc.,  (see page 8.)


General Note (continued) RN Barracks etc,

The RNB at Chatham also opened in 1903. The first part of the Barracks to be completed was, naturally, the Parade Ground & Drill Hall. There was Accommodation for over 5,000 with both a Gymnasium & Swimming Baths.

The RN Barracks took its name from HMS PEMBROKE, an accommodation hulk,  a previously a 74 gun 3rd rate Ship of the Line, launched at the Blackwall Yard in 1812. 

As with the other Port RN Barracks there were at least ten (10) HMS PEMBROKE’s,


(see page 8.)




Later that year in August Ordinary Seaman Frank Seviour was posted to HMS WARSPITE, he remained on WARSPITE until May 1923. In March of 1922 HMS WARSPITE with HMS VALIANT and HMS REPULSE formed the 1st Battle Squadron in the Mediterranean, they visited Gibraltar & Vigo and exercised with HMS HOOD.

 On 11th July 1921 he was rated Able Bodied Seaman (AB) having passed professional for Signals. On 4th October  having reached his 18th birthday he signed on for 12 years Service.






Class: Battleship, Queen Elizabeth Class

Built: 1912/15 by Devonport Dockyard

Displacement: 32,700 tons

Armament: 8 x 15inch  8 x 6inch  8 x 4inch 4 x 3 pdr + numerous 40mm AA (after refit 1916)

Complement: 1,200+

Speed: 24 knots. 


In May of 1923 AB F. Seviour returned to , HMS VIVID,  the RN Barracks at Devonport for 3 months, then on the 6th July 1923 he joined HMS DILIGENCE he stayed with DILIGENCE until March 1924. During WW1 HMS DILIGENCE was depot ship for the 15th Destroyer Flotilla based at Scapa Flow.




HMS DILIGENCE  (as SS Tabrisatn wearing Strick Line Colours)

Built: 1907 by D & W Henderson Ltd. Glasgow, as a passenger vessel; SS Tabaristan, for the Anglo-Algerian Steamship Company, later transferred to the Strick Line in 1913. She was acquired by the Admiralty in the same year (1913).

Displacement: 7,100 tons (after conversion in 1915)

Armament:  8 x 4inch

Scrapped: 1926 by Hughes Bolkow  Shipbreaking at Blyth.




On the 1st April 1924 he was posted to HMS SANDHURST,  A Fleet Repair Ship in Malta. HMS SANDHURST had originally been acquired in 1914 by the Admiralty as a dummy Battlecruiser (HMS INDOMITABLE). After WW1 she was converted as a Repair Ship.



Built: 1905 by Harland and Wolf, Belfast as Manipur

Displacement: 11,500 tons

Engines: Coal fired boilers

Armament: 2 x 6 pdr. Guns

Complement: 260+     Speed: 10.5 knots.        Scrapped: 1946



HMS SANDHURST (continued)

During WW2 HMS SANDHURST was the Repair Ship for the Dover Patrol, moored in Dover Harbour on the 29th July 1942 she was hit by an aerial torpedo and severely damaged. She survived the attack, 4 of the personnel who fought the fierce fires that erupted were awarded the George Cross.  Oct 1925

During the posting to HMS SANDHURST, AB Frank Seviour served for periods on the following destroyers

HMS STUART;  20th May 1924 – 3 rd December 1924

HMS SPENSER:  4th December 1924 – 21st May 1925

HMS KEPPEL (D84): 22nd May 1925- 2nd February1926





Two of these Destroyers; SPENSER & KEPPEL were known as the; ‘Thonycroft Destroyers’   also referred to as; Shakespeare Class Flotilla Leader Destroyers.


Built: 1916-25 by Thornycroft

Displacement: 1,480 tons

Armament: 5 x 4.7 inch  2 x triple 21 inch torpedoes

Complement: 160

Speed: 36  knots. 





HMS STUART / HMAS STUART was an improved design Thonycroft and was of the Scott Class’ Destroyer Leaders. HMS STUART was later in 1933 to be transferred to the Royal Australian Navy.

As a RAN Destroyer she was to see remarkable WW2 service with no less than 8 battle honours: Mediterranean 1940, Calabria 1940, Libya 1940-41, Matapan 1941, Greece 1941, Crete 1941, Pacific 1942-43, and New Guinea 1942-44.



In 1925 HMS EGMONT II was the Shore Base in Malta, it was later, in 1933, renamed HMS ST ANGELO. Prior to 1912, HMS EGMONT was an old hulk  (HMS ACHILLES), that had been towed out to Malta to replace the aging hulk, HMS HIBERNIA, which had been there since the late 1800’s.


It was to Fort St. Angelo, HMS EGMONT II that AB Frank Seviour arrived at on the 1st November 1925. HMS EGMONT II was a depot for Destroyers based in the Mediterranean. 

His records show he remained on HMS KEPPEL until into early 1926, therefore he was administered from HMS EGMONT II.



Fort St. Angelo, Malta


Before Christmas of 1925 AB Frank Seviour still on HMS KEPPEL was back in England being administered from the RN Barracks at Devonport HMS VIVID II.

He left HMS KEPPEL On the 13th March 1926 and was posted to HMS VIVID I. This was the Signals School at the RN Barracks. He was to remain at the Signals School until March 1927.



General Note – The Royal Naval Barracks: 

It is perhaps timely at this point to clarify  some more about the various Port Barracks and how they administered and accounted for Ratings.

When a Rating was posted to one of the various RN Port Barracks; 

HMS PEMBROKE at Chatham, or 

HMS VICTORY at Portsmouth, or 

HMS VIVD at Devonport etc, 


They may have been ‘placed on the books’ (accounted for) against one of the of ‘Sub Units’.

For example; a posting to  HMS VICTORY at Portsmouth, you could be posted to HMS VICTORY I, or HMS VICTORY II, or HMS VICTORY III, the difference being  designated by a number (Roman Numerals) following the  RN Barracks Name. This was often for Accounting /Administrative purposes, but not always.


Whilst some of these ‘Sub Units’ of the Barracks weren’t necessarily within the RN Barracks perimeter, but in a locality sometimes nearby, others were further afield.


General Note – The Royal Naval Barracks (continued).


The best illustration of this ‘Posting System is the RN Barracks; HMS VICTORY.

In all, there were at least ten (10 = X)  HMS VICTORY designations and not all in Portsmouth; 


HMS VICTORY - Flagship Portsmouth & RN Barracks 1840 – 1974

HMS VICTORY I -  Accounting base, 1940, ‘The Goodings’, nr. Lambourn, Berkshire.

HMS VICTORY II -  at Crystal Palace, Sydenham, Surrey. – A Training Depot for the

                                R.N. Division, 1914-19. Also known as HMS CRYSTAL

                                PALACE, (although there is doubt of it was actually used, 

                                possibly a term of endearment )

HMS VICTORY III – Portsmouth, Accounting base , at Woolley Park, Wantage,


HMS VICTORY IV – Accounting base at Crystal Palace, until 1939, merged with

                                 HMS VICTORY III  @ Leydene House, Petersfield, 1941-45

HMS VICTORY V - the South Western Hotel, Southampton, 1941. 

                                In 1942 it was renamed HMS SHRAPNEL.

HMS VICTORY VI -  Crystal Palace depot for RNR & RN Division 1914-1919

HMS VICTORY VII - Portland Auxiliary Patrol Depot, 1915

HMS VICTORY IX - Reserves Portsmouth 1915 -1916

HMS VICTORY X -  Portsmouth Accounting Section 1917-1919, Demob Centre 1947

HMS VICTORY XI -  Portland, Naval Depot 1920’s later named HMS BOSCAWEN


Each Port had its own Signal School, Portsmouth was at; HMS VICTORY, fitted out as the School of Naval Telegraphy), and Chatham was at HMS PEMBROKE, whilst Devonport’s own Signals School was HMS VIVID I, the original School was a small building, the site of which became to Senior Rates Mess. It remained (at the RN Barracks) until 1941 when it moved to the village of Roborough (RNSS Glen Holt).


HMS VIVID – The first RN Shore Barracks, Devonport.

HMS VIVID I  - Signals Training School, Devonport, until 1941.

HMS VIVID II  - Accounting & Admin. base Devonport

HMS VIVID III – Accounting & Admin base, Devonport, 1917-1918

HMS VIVID IV – Accounting & Admin base, Falmouth, 1918

HMS VIVID V – Accounting & Admin base, Milford Haven in 1919.


 Similar ‘Sub Units’ were used at RN Barracks, Chatham; 


HMS PEMBROKE I - Accounting base at Chatham, 1940 – 1960

HMS PEMBROKE  II – RN Air Station, Eastchurch, Kent.  1913 – 1918

HMS PEMBROKE III - Accounting base at London & outstations, 1942 – 1952

HMS PEMBROKE  IV – Accounts & Admin, The Nore, 1939 – 1961

HMS PEMBROKE  V -  Naval Base, Dover, 1919 /23 and  Bletchley Park, 

                                      Milton, Keyes,  Buckinghamshire,  the secret  Decoding and

                                      Cypher School 1941/42.

HMS PEMBROKE  VI -  Accounts & Admin, Chatham 1919

HMS PEMBROKE  VII -  Depot Ship Auxiliary Patrols at Grimsby, 1919-1921

HMS PEMBROKE  VIII – Naval base on the River Humber, 1920/21

HMS PEMBROKE  X – HQ RN Patrols based on Lowestoft 1939 -1940






AB F.Seviour’s next posting was to HMS WALRUS (G17). He joined in RN Barracks Chatham on 14th March 1927 with HMS WALRUS storing for a Mediterranean deployment. HMS WALRUS arrived in Malta 5th April 1927 and as previously they were administered by HMS EGMNOT II at Fort St. Angelo. AB Freeman remained on HMS WALRUS until October that year.




Destroyer; V & W Class

Built: 1917/1918 by Fairfield at Govan 

Displacement: 1,300 tons (about)

Armament: 4 x 4inch

Speed; 34 knots

Fate: She was driven ashore at Marcus Rocks, Scarborough in March 1938. She was later broken up and became a total loss.




On the 30th October 1927 AB Frank Seviour joined the Battleship HMS VALIANT.

Between  March 1929 and late October 1930 HMS VALIANT undertook a major docking and refit. She re-commissioned in December 1930 joining the Atlantic Fleet with the 2nd Battle Squadron. She rejoined the Home Fleet in 1932. From 1935 she was with the Mediterranean Fleet, until her next refit in 1937.




Class: Battleship, Queen Elizabeth Class

Built: 1912/16 by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering at Govan

Displacement: 30,600 tons

Armament: 8 x 15 inch  20 x 4.5inch + numerous 32 pdr. AA (after refit)

Complement: 1,200+          Speed: 24 knots. 


WW2 War Service

His RN service continued into World War 2. He had signed on for a further 10 years in October 1933, making his service pensionable  (22 years), with a retirement date October 1943.

Continuous Service (CS) in the Royal Navy.

In 1853 the Admiralty introduced Continuous Service System for ratings in the Royal Navy. Prior to this the Royal Navy used ‘impressment’, as the word suggests, joining the RN was usually ‘by force’; being rounded up by the ‘Press Gang’ was much the norm. So until 1853, Ratings signed for the length of a ‘Ships Commission’, which was usually about 5 years.

From 1853, those that joined the RN, did so by signing an engagement to serve 10 years from the age of 18years. This was commonly referred to as ‘Mans Time’. Years served prior to the age of 18 years was ‘Boys Time’ and did not count toward Pensionable Service. At this time further engagements were introduced, thereby making it possible to serve towards the 20 year term for Pension. Existing Ratings were offered varying engagements to bring them into line for Continuous Service to Pension. 

Initially not all Ratings were transferred to the new Continuous Service (CS), Seaman were in short supply, so they were made CS first. Others such as Cooks and Stewards remained ‘non continuous’ and on lower rates of pay.

Around 1870 a further change was introduced, the ‘sign on’ was extended to 12 years, and a further 10 year option giving a Pension after 22 years of service.

By 1873 it was estimated that over 100,000 had joined and the Admiralty then introduced a Service Number system for Ratings. After another 20 years a further refinement was made, blocks of ‘Official Numbers’ being allocated to six (6) specialized branches;


1. Seaman & Communications

2. Engine Room Artificers

3. Stokers

4. Artisans & Miscellaneous

5. Sick Berth Staff & Regulating ratings

6. Stewards, Cooks & Servants.


However as RN grew larger numbers started to spill from one branch to another, so 

Branch Prefix letters were introduced, eg  the letter J  was given to Seaman & Communications, so by the time Frank Seviour joined he received his Official Number: J100844, identifying him as Seaman/Communications.

Other changes were made to CS engagements with, Special and Short Service engagements.

As Frank Seviour’s engagement was due to finish in 1943, he would have then continued on as; ‘extra War Service Hostilities’. By the end of WW2, a special sign came into play. This was known as the ‘Special Bonus’. Started in 1835 a ‘bounty’ of £5. was introduced for voluntary service during War. By the end WW2 (1946) the ‘Special Bonus’ was introduced again for 3 to 4 years terms at £33.

This took Frank’s Service up to 29 years with a Pension from 1950. 


By 1950 continuing shortages resulted in the introduction of; ‘fifth fives’ and ‘sixth fives’. So for Frank Seviour a ‘fifth five’ added to his pensionable service, making 34 years and a retirement in 1955. 





The early war years of Frank Seviour are not fully known. It has been suggested that he served on HMS PRINCE of WALES. If he did  we believe it was more likely during the build/trials period (1939-41) as that unfortunate ship was sunk by the Japanese off Malaya in Dec 1941. As far as we know he was not onboard during that time.

On the assumption Frank Seviour was posted to HMS PRINCE of WALES, during the build/trials period.


HMS PRINCE OF WALES  (53)  (arriving Singapore Naval Base 1941)

Class: KGV Battleship

Built: Cammell Laird & Co Birkenhead  1937-1941

Commissioned:  19 Jan 41

Displacement: 43,786 tons

Armament: 10 x 14 inch   16 x 5.25  32 x 2pdrs

Speed: 28 knots   - Complement:  1,521


24 May 1941, HMS PRINCE of WALES in company with HMS HOOD and 6 destroyers engaged the Battleship  BISMARK and the Cruiser PRINCE EUGEN.

Although HMS PRINCE of WALES landed a critical hit on BISMARK she was also 

heavily damaged in the engagement in which HMS HOOD was sunk.


Ordered to the Far East to join with HMS REPULSE and the Aircraft Carrier HMS INDOMITABLE, she became flagship Force Z for Admiral Sir Tom Phillips. Investigating a reported Japanese landing at Kuantan, she was hit by 3 torpedoes from Japanese ‘Bettys’ (Japanese land based torpedo / bombers). She was then hit by a 1,000lb bomb, which caused extensive damage and flooding. Abandon ship was ordered and she capsized and sank.




Another of the Wartime ships it has been suggested that Frank Seviour served on was HMS KELLY (F01). 

In the Norwegian campaign in 1940 she was torpedoed by the a German MTB S-31, commanded by Oberleutenant zur See Herman Opendoff. 

27 of her crew were killed and she was towed back to Newcastle upon Tyne for repairs. HMS KELLY was commanded by; Captain Lord Louis Mountbatten DSO RN.

As Captain (D) of the 5th Flotilla, Lord Louis led the Flotilla into the Mediterranean in April 1941. 

During the evacuation of Crete, 23 May 1941, HMS KELLY was hit by a bomb and sunk with over half her crew killed.

The 1942 film, ‘In Which We Serve’, Noel Coward & John Mills telling the story of HMS Torrin, a destroyer, the film is based on HMS KELLY.


1940/41 (continued)




Class: J & K Class Destroyer

Built: Hawthorn & Leslie at Hebburn, Newcastle on Tyne 1937-39

Displacement: 1.360 tons

Armament: 6 x 4.7 inch  4 x 2pdr.  10 x 21 inch torpedoes

Speed: 36 knots 

Complement:  218




May 1945 saw Frank Seviour on HMS BULLDOG in the Channel Islands, Guernsey.

The Official surrender on 9th May, by the Germans took place onboard, so Frank would have had a ringside seat.

The surrender was signed by; Generalmajor Oberst Heine and Kaptitanleutnant Armin Zimmerman.




Captain: Lt Cdr D.B.G. Dumas 

Class: B Class destroyer

Built: 1929/30 Swan Hunter, Birkenhead  

Displacement: 1.360 tons

Armament: 4 x 4.7 inch   1 x 3 inch  2 x 2pdrs    8 x 21 inch torpedoes

Speed: 35 knots 

Complement:  138



1945 (continued)

On the 8th May 1941 – HMS Bulldog and HMS Aubretia, a Flower Class Corvette were escorts for an Atlantic Convoy, being attacked by U-boat  U-110.

After depth charge attacks forced the U-boat to surface  a boarding party from HMS BULLDOG successfully captured an ENIGMA Coding Machine Machine., with secret Cipher keys. This very successful action lead to the German Enigma code being broken at Bletchley Park. 

Historical Note;

In  October 1942, a further U-Boat, U-559, was badly damaged by a Sunderland Flying Boat, in the Nile Delta, Mediterranean. Together with several surface ships, U-559 was forced to the surface, a boarding party, then boarded the slowly sinking U-Boat, captured the ENIGMA along with Code Books and current cipher keys.

Another U-Boat U-570 was badly damaged by an Aircraft , a Coastal Command, Hudson in August 1941.  U-570 was captured but not before her crew had destroyed the ENIGMA and codes. U-570 was to later enter RN Service as HMS GRAPH.


The Hollywood Movie; U-571 depicts the capturing of an ENIGMA Code Machine. The real U-571 was never captured and was sunk in 1944, ENIGMA with all hands.




Later in the early 1950’s Frank Seviour was posted to the Royal Naval College at Dartmouth as an Instructor. This is a ‘plum’ posting and few could expect to be selected. 

His RN career by now well over 30 years was drawing to a close. He had heard of the Sea School; Parkstone Sea Training School at Poole, and he joined the staff as Divisional House Master at Broughton House in 1956.

Mr & Mrs Seviour stayed with Parkstone until the close in 1964, becoming the most respected and wellbeloved of Staff. 



1. The Navy List, various;  1916 to 1945, Admiralty, HMSO.

2. Royal Navy Ships Dispositions (various), Home Waters. 1940-1945 

3. Ships of the Royal Navy; The Complete Record of All Fighting Ships, JJ Colledge and Ben Warlow, Casemate, 17 Cheap St., Newbury, RG14 5DD, 2010. 

4. The London Gazette – various editions; 1912-1945

5. Admiralty Circular No. 121,  dated 14th June 1853

6. Jane’s Fighting Ships, various editions, 1922 to 1945, Sampson, Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. London. 

7. Ancestry, FMP, Origins & LDS Indexes

8. Grateful acknowledgement for the photo of HMS WALRUS and CAPERCAILZIE (HMS VIVID), to the;  ‘Shipping Times Data Base’, (, as credit for the information.

9. King’s Regulations and Admiralty Instructions, HM Naval Service 1913 Vol 1. HMSO. London EC


Special Thanks.

Parkstone ‘Old Boys’ kindly thank Amanda Bourke, a family member, for her  assistance.